Costa, Afonso

(1871-1937)
   Leading political and government figure of the first parliamentary republic (1910-26), Portuguese Republican Party (PRP) leader, and notable lawyer. Afonso Costa, like so many Portuguese political figures in the 20th century, was trained as a lawyer and taught as a law professor at a university, in his case, Coimbra University. A brilliant student and a radical activist in student politics in his day, Costa soon both embodied and symbolized radical republican politics and the effort to replace the monarchy. As minister of justice in the 1910-11 provisional government of the turbulent First Republic, Afonso Costa was the author of radical anticlerical laws that helped to polarize the political struggles of the fledgling representative system.
   The leader of the radical wing of the PRP, known in that day as "The Democrats," Afonso Costa was the youngest cabinet officer in the provisional government, at age 39. A small but tenacious man, he was a strong speaker and debater in the noisy sessions of the republic's congress. Afonso Costa was prime minister three times during the First Republic (1913-14, 1915-16, and April-December 1917). His third premiership was abruptly ended with the Sidônio Pais military coup of 8 December 1917. Costa was arrested but soon went into exile in Paris. Except for a few visits to Portugal, Costa remained in Paris as an international lawyer with a lucrative practice. Although asked to "save the republic" by taking office again, Costa refused. Following a period in which he conspired from abroad to overthrow the dictatorship, he died in Paris in 1937.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Afonso Costa — Afonso Augusto da Costa Afonso Costa Primer Ministro de Portugal 9 de enero de 1913 – 9 de febrero de 1914 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Afonso Costa — Afonso Augusto da Costa (* 6. März 1871 in Seia; † 11. Mai 1937 in Paris), oft auch einfach nur Afonso Costa genannt, war ein portugiesischer Rechtsanwalt, Universitätsprofessor und Politiker. Als Vorsitzender der Demokratischen Partei war er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afonso da Costa — Afonso Costa Afonso Augusto da Costa (* 6. März 1871 in Seia; † 11. Mai 1937 in Paris), oft auch einfach nur Afonso Costa genannt, war ein portugiesischer Rechtsanwalt, Universitätsprofessor und Politiker. Als Vorsitzender der Demokratischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afonso Augusto da Costa — Afonso Costa Afonso Augusto da Costa (* 6. März 1871 in Seia; † 11. Mai 1937 in Paris), oft auch einfach nur Afonso Costa genannt, war ein portugiesischer Rechtsanwalt, Universitätsprofessor und Politiker. Als Vorsitzender der Demokratischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afonso Costa — Minister for Justice In office October 5, 1910 – September 3, 1911 Prime Minister Teófilo Braga (as President of the Provisi …   Wikipedia

  • Afonso Maria do Santíssimo Redentor Araújo — Afonso Maria do Santíssimo Redentor Araújo, auch Santíssimo Redentor, (* 2. August 1942, Portugiesisch Timor; † Februar/März 1979, Timor Timur) war der Komponist von Pátria, der Nationalhymne Osttimors. Komponiert wurde die Hymne bereits 1975.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afonso do Araújo — Afonso Maria do Santíssimo Redentor Araújo, auch Santíssimo Redentor, (* 2. August 1942, Portugiesisch Timor; † Februar/März 1979, Timor Timur) war der Komponist von Pátria, der Nationalhymne Osttimors. Komponiert wurde die Hymne bereits 1975.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afonso Redentor Araújo — Afonso Maria do Santíssimo Redentor Araújo, auch Santíssimo Redentor, (* 2. August 1942, Portugiesisch Timor; † Februar/März 1979, Timor Timur) war der Komponist von Pátria, der Nationalhymne Osttimors. Komponiert wurde die Hymne bereits 1975.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afonso Costa — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Costa. Afonso Costa Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Afonso Cláudio — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

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